Web

Birth of hyper text markup language

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is the word, which started the revolution in the world of inventions in terms of information sharing tool digitally. As we all know a few or more about HTML, it is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web or simply Web.

Let us look back to the time when it was actually took birth. When it comes in talk about the HTML, one legendary name is always present there. Its none other than Tim Berners-Lee, who was the primary author of HTML, started in 1989. By 1990, the time was ripe for Tim’s invention. For a start, HTML was coming into vogue and being used on computers. Also, Internet users were gaining in the number of users on the system: there was an increasing audience for distributed information.

Tim bases his HTML on an existing internationally agreed upon method of text mark-up

The HTML that Tim invented was strongly based on SGML (Standard Generalized Mark-up Language), an internationally agreed upon method for marking up text into structural units such as paragraphs, headings, list items and so on. SGML could be implemented on any machine. The idea was that the language was independent of the formatter (the browser or other viewing software) which actually displayed the text on the screen. The use of pairs of tags such as <TITLE> and </TITLE> is taken directly from SGML, which does exactly the same. The SGML elements used in Tim’s HTML included P (paragraph); H1 through H6 (heading level 1 through heading level 6); OL (ordered lists); UL (unordered lists); LI (list items) and various others. What SGML does not include, of course, are hypertext links: the idea of using the anchor element with the HREF attribute was purely Tim’s invention, as was the now-famous `www.name.name’ format for addressing machines on the Web

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