Birth of hyper text markup language

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is the word, which started the revolution in the world of inventions in terms of information sharing tool digitally. As we all know a few or more about HTML, it is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web or simply Web.

Let us look back to the time when it was actually took birth. When it comes in talk about the HTML, one legendary name is always present there. Its none other than Tim Berners-Lee, who was the primary author of HTML, started in 1989. By 1990, the time was ripe for Tim’s invention. For a start, HTML was coming into vogue and being used on computers. Also, Internet users were gaining in the number of users on the system: there was an increasing audience for distributed information.

Tim bases his HTML on an existing internationally agreed upon method of text mark-up

The HTML that Tim invented was strongly based on SGML (Standard Generalized Mark-up Language), an internationally agreed upon method for marking up text into structural units such as paragraphs, headings, list items and so on. SGML could be implemented on any machine. The idea was that the language was independent of the formatter (the browser or other viewing software) which actually displayed the text on the screen. The use of pairs of tags such as <TITLE> and </TITLE> is taken directly from SGML, which does exactly the same. The SGML elements used in Tim’s HTML included P (paragraph); H1 through H6 (heading level 1 through heading level 6); OL (ordered lists); UL (unordered lists); LI (list items) and various others. What SGML does not include, of course, are hypertext links: the idea of using the anchor element with the HREF attribute was purely Tim’s invention, as was the now-famous `www.name.name’ format for addressing machines on the Web

.Want to know more? Here you go


Where we are from

On today’s date most of us are living in a sphere driven by lots of technologies. One of these awesome inventions is The Web.

So, here is a very simple and a fair question, do we all know where we are from to this digital age.

Let us know the answer of this question. Here we go…

It starts with a name Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist at CERN.

Tim Berners-Lee, a graduate of Oxford University, invented the World Wide Web, an internet-based hypermedia initiative for global information sharing while at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory, in 1989. The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world. He wrote the first web client and server in 1990. His specifications was a set of technologies that would make the Internet truly accessible and useful to people. Those are:

  • HTML: HyperText Markup Language. The publishing format for the Web, including the ability to format documents and link to other documents and resources.
  • URI: Uniform Resource Identifier. A kind of “address” that is unique to each resource on the Web.
  • HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol. Allows for the retrieval of linked resources from across the Web.

Tim’s initial proposal to the management at CERN had been rejected. However, On 30 April 1993 CERN put the World Wide Web software in the public domain.

The first website at CERN – and in the world – was dedicated to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer. The website described the basic features of the web like:

  • how to access other people’s documents over internet.
  • how to set up your own server.

Want to know a bit more about this legend? Here you go: Timothy John Berners-Lee